Socio Political Context of Good Governance in Bangladesh
What do you mean by good governance? What are basic characteristics of good governance? How good governance can be achieved in the present socio-political context of Bangladesh-discuss.
Ans: Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources. Governance is “the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)”.
Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development
literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources. Governance is “the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)”. The term governance can apply to corporate, international, national, local governance or to the interactions between other sectors of society.
The concept of “good governance” often emerges as a model to compare ineffective economies or political bodies with viable economies and political bodies. The concept centers on the responsibility of governments and governing bodies to meet the needs of the masses as opposed to select groups in society. Because countries often described as “most successful” are Western liberal democratic states, concentrated in Europe and the Americas, good governance standards often measure other state institutions against these states. Aid organizations and the authorities of developed countries often will focus the meaning of “good governance” to a set of requirements that conform to the organization’s agenda, making “good governance” imply many different things in many different contexts.
WHAT IS GOOD GOVERNANCE?
Good governance is about the processes for making and implementing decisions. It’s not about making ‘correct’ decisions, but about the best possible process for making those decisions.
Good decision-making processes, and therefore good governance, share several characteristics. All have a positive effect on various aspects of local government including consultation policies and practices, meeting procedures, service quality protocols, councillor and officer conduct, role clarification and good working relationships.
WHAT ARE THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOVERNANCE?
Good governance is accountable
Accountability is a fundamental requirement of good governance. Local government has an obligation to report, explain and be answerable for the consequences of decisions it has made on behalf of the community it represents.
Good governance is transparent
People should be able to follow and understand the decision-making process. This means that they will be able to clearly see how and why a decision was made – what information, advice and consultation council considered, and which legislative requirements (when relevant) council followed.
Good governance follows the rule of law
This means that decisions are consistent with relevant legislation or common law and are within the powers of council. In the case of Victorian local government, relevant legislation includes the Local Government Act 1989 and other legislation such as the Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008, and the Equal Opportunity Act 2010.
Good governance is responsive
Local government should always try to serve the needs of the entire community while balancing competing interests in a timely, appropriate and responsive manner.
Good governance is equitable and inclusive
A community’s wellbeing results from all of its members feeling their interests have been considered by council in the decision-making process. This means that all groups, particularly the most vulnerable, should have opportunities to participate in the process.
Good governance is effective and efficient
Local government should implement decisions and follow processes that make the best use of the available people, resources and time to ensure the best possible results for their community.
Good governance is participatory
Anyone affected by or interested in a decision should have the opportunity to participate in the process for making that decision. This can happen in several ways – community members may be provided with information, asked for their opinion, given the opportunity to make recommendations or, in some cases, be part of the actual decision-making process.
It is important to remember that under the Local Government Act 1989 the council is required to either make decisions or delegate the decision-making power to officers or Special Committees. For more information see How decisions are made.
How good governance can be achieved in the present socio-political context of Bangladesh-discuss.
The term good governance is an adjective of “governance”; governance can be defined as power which exercises for effective conduct of country’s economy and social resources. The governance is good when it is able to attain this theoretical objective. Good governance can play a vital role for a healthy and independent economy or culture. As the economy consists of three organs i.e. economic, political and administrative, the responsibility of the government then implies careful nursing of these three organs. Economy is a backbone for any country as well it contributes a lot in development of the country’s infrastructure, for this purpose government should ensure the proper use of fund through proper allocation and eliminating frauds. So, the commitment of good governance lies on economic welfare, resisting political unrest and ensuring the basic needs for the nation through effective administration. Good governance is more in action where it can overcome all discrimination. Both the genders should give equal rights to make the effort of good governance more powerful. Political equality and accountability should exist in the good governance. Political accountability is linked to human development because it is a necessary condition for democracy. It is a key requirement of good governance. Not only governmental institutions but also the private sector and civil society organizations must be accountable to the public and to their institutional stakeholders. By making corruption more difficult, political accountability contributes to economic development. Good governance requires fair legal frame works that are enforced impartially. It also requires full protection of human rights, particularly those of minorities. In a good governance the rules and regulations implies should be clear and friendly enough to general public and should also motivate the nation to follow the implied law’s of the country. Good governance in Bangladesh is rare in practice because both the public and private officials are not accountable and decision-making process is not transparent. Corruption is a big obstacle in the pave of Impact of Good Governance on Development in Bangladesh: A Study 5 good governance in Bangladesh. To ensure good governance the first and foremost prerequisite is to minimization of corruption. Bangladesh is a least developed country and the literacy rate is also underprivileged here, Bangladesh can take any one of the developed country for the model of good governance.